Facts about Umeå
Umeå is situated on the inlet of the Gulf of Bothnia at the mouth of the Ume River, in the south of Västerbotten. Umeå is about 600 km north of Stockholm and about 400 km south of the Arctic Circle. It is the largest city north of the Stockholm-Uppsala region. The climate of Umeå is subarctic, with short and fairly warm summers. Winters are lengthy and freezing.
In 1622, the city was founded by King Gustav II Adolf. On 25 June 1888, a fire devastated Umeå and at least 2,300 of the 3,000 inhabitants became homeless. In the restoration following the fire, birch trees were planted along wide avenues to prevent future fires from spreading. For this reason Umeå is sometimes known as the “City of Birches” and the name of the Umeå ice-hockey team, Björklöven, means “The Birch Leaves”.
The establishment of the university in the mid 1960s led to a population expansion which still continues, with about 1000 new inhabitants every year. The university hospital serves the entire region of northern Sweden.
Some key years
3000 B.C. Norrfors rock carvings
1622 Umeå founded by King Gustav II Adolf
1809 Battle of Sävar, the last battle fought on Swedish soil
1864 Umeå Music Association is formed
1888 The Great Fire makes almost all of the population homeless
1896 The railway comes to Umeå
1962 Umeå Airport opens
1965 Umeå University opens
1968 Umeå Jazz festival has its premier
1974 Norrlandsoperan opens
1992 Umeå becomes Norrland’s most populous municipality
2009 Umeå designated European Capital of Culture 2014
Average temperature January -8°C
Average temperature July +16°C
Sunrise on 21 June 2:21 am
Sunset on 21 June 10:59 pm